Some students, as soon as they dictated the title, begin to write as machines: they start from an idea and gradually “throw down” everything that comes to mind; they write a lot, they don’t stop and at the end of time they can’t even re-read what they wrote.

In this way they very rarely manage to produce a coherent text: more often they happen to get lost in particularity, to forget the request for the title, not to logically connect the ideas and to “get carried away” by something that is dear to them but that has nothing to do with the assigned essay.

Other students remain for a long time with their eyes to the sky, chewing the pen and waiting for “inspiration”, paralyzed by the white sheet. At the call of the teacher they answer:<< I don’t know how to begin >>.

We have described two typical, extreme behaviors; there are other intermediate ones: the never happy ones who write a period and then erase it and continue like this until the time runs out; the too sure that they expose in order something very simple, almost a repetition of the title and end after about twenty minutes and have nothing else to say, and finally those who have the average of 10 (the so-called nerds) who know how to organize well in writing , in thought and in time.

However, doing a essay is not an easy task. We therefore propose to all students a process of elaboration divided into phases. With this guide you avoid the panic of the blank sheet, the excess of unorganized writing and all other problems.

  1. The analysis of the title: one reads well all the text of the delivery (even more than once) and then one must concentrate on all the topics that could be adapted by subdividing them into main and secondary topics.
  2. Order: after having thought about what you want to insert in the essay, you must organize it (in mind) in a chronological way, avoiding returning to previous speeches.
  3. Bad sheet: never start writing on the beauty sheet even because it is difficult not to make spelling mistakes or writing sequences. All you have thought about it is to write it on the ugly sheet on a column so if you get good ideas you can put them in as little mess as possible.
  4. Organization: the beginning is the part that strikes the most because from here we understand if you have the right logical skills. You have to avoid starting with a text similar to the one of the delivery, usually a essay starts from a speech in general but inherent to the content up to approach that of the delivery; this technique will earn you extra lines and half a point.

The central part is the one in which you will have to elaborate the problem, explain why it occurred, insert dates, historical references and everything that could be useful to argue and lengthen the essay must be inserted here limiting (but not entirely) the personal thoughts.

The concluding part must be worked out as the beginning, you must absolutely avoid the finals made up of very few lines. Here you will have to put the possible solutions to your problem or that of other characters and if possible you must always take the side of the good or better still that of the professor so you will avoid unnecessary discussions.

The essay does not serve to understand your personal thinking (except in case you have problems with society) but to learn to write in an orderly and complete way.

  1. Short sentences are granted but must not be in telegraphic style. To avoid the abbreviated style of text messages and the repetition of words (names or adjectives), a vocabulary could be useful to find synonyms or a good use of “pronouns”.
  2. Calculate the time: this operation is very important to avoid finding yourself at the end of time with a part of the elaborate still “in ugly”, or, having finished long before the deadline, find new ideas, difficult to insert in a essay already copied.

The times must be calculated according to the topic, one’s competence in this regard and personal ability in each phase. However, indicatively, over a total time of three hours, we can establish to dedicate.

  • 30 minutes to gather and organize ideas.
  • 1 hour and 40 minutes to draft in ugly.
  • 20 minutes to review.
  • 30 minutes to copy in beautiful.

Not all teachers give 3 hours, or if the school hours are 50 minutes each, you will have to be good not to waste time; in these cases it might be useful to sit in a single desk without a companion who writes the table or speaks to you constantly.

If you have other good tips for writing a essay, you are free to add them …