Are you looking for a guide on how to write an argumentative text?
Then you’re in the right place.
In this article, in fact, we will reveal all the tricks and useful tips to make this possible.
We will show you examples of argumentative texts and explain how to structure them correctly.
Because understanding how to do an argumentative essay, and how to develop a thesis according to a chain of reasonings linked to each other and supported by data, can always be useful to you. Also to make the thesis lineup or take part in a competition. Or to prepare an effective public speech or to understand what to say to a job interview.
For all this, and much more, we need to learn how to write an argumentative text.
The argumentative text: what it is and how to write it
Writing an argumentative text does not mean writing a simple informative text. Rather, it is a matter of presenting one’s own thesis or idea on a given topic. Illustrating it through a logical reasoning supported by certain and tangible data. It therefore serves to convince those who read it of the merits of your thesis and not of the contrary, namely the antithesis. But how to write an argumentative text able to achieve this goal? Let’s find out together.
Argumentative text structure
For the reasons mentioned so far, the structure of an argumentative text is much more than a scheme to make a essay.
Even if, in the scholastic context, the essays can be considered argumentative texts. Together with short essays, reports or text analyzes.
To be more precise, here is the order and the features you need to respect to learn how to make an argumentative text:
- Description of the problem. That is, define the topic being discussed. Here’s how to start an argumentative text in the best way;
- Exposition of the thesis. Explain the idea you support about the topic described above;
- Development of arguments in favor of the thesis. Illustrates data and arguments in support of the thesis you advocate. Checking and processing everything in detail. Including any testimonials, other texts or expert opinions;
- Antithesis. Give space to arguments that are contrary to, if not opposed to, yours. Describe them and then try to refute them, always through the data and arguments in your support;
- Conclusions. Take the sums of what was written above. Perhaps summarizing the reasons for your thesis and the discrepancies of the antithesis. Reiterating your opinions, strengthened by the victorious confrontation with the opposite ones.
Thesis and Antithesis: meaning and development
The antithesis is an opposite and insurmountable key to the thesis of reference.
It is therefore that part of speech that should refute your thinking and destroy your idea.
In light of this, you are probably wondering now: so why mention it? How do you make an argumentative essay with the opposite version in it with respect to the one you want to affirm? Wouldn’t it be better to leave only the favorable exhibition text?
The answers are two. And they are very simple.
The first is that strong ideas do not fear confrontation. And therefore yours must prevail because it offers more convincing reasoning, feedback or objective data. Being able to do this is precisely what we need to write an argumentative text. Without a comparison with the antithesis, this would not be possible.
Secondly, thanks to the victory in a duel with the antithesis, your idea can gain authority.
And from problem, the opposition to your opinion turns out to be your best friend. An additional, decisive weapon to support your thesis.
Here’s another trick on how to write an effective argumentative text. And because even the contrasting opinion to yours must be absolutely present in an argumentative lineup.
The antithesis must be faced and “dismantled“. Break it down and refute it point by point. Without deception or subterfuge: the more you oppose valid and truthful arguments, the more your idea will be winning.
Argumentative essay: practical example
Once the correct scheme to use is revealed, let’s try to make some practical examples.
For example, if I were to write an argumentative essay on racism, to refute the discriminatory thesis, you could structure it this way:
- Introduce the problem of racism. Explaining that this is the idea that human beings are not all equal, but distinguishable in biologically different races. And some of them may even be considered superior to others. Or that there may be orientations or laws that tend to discriminate one respect than another. Make some historical mention, to understand the origins of racism and explain why it is still a current topic;
- Display what you think on the subject. For example, expressing your perception of the phenomenon. Starting to make the reader understand which side you are on;
- Explain why you think it is wrong and why it should be in an absolute sense. For example, referring to methodological approaches such as population genetics, which establish how racism is a scientifically wrong theory;
- Tell the contrary, trying to refute them. You could bet on misinformation or the mistakes made by those who support them, taking advantage of it to highlight your arguments again;
- Start towards your final thoughts. Reiterating your reasons, supported by having dismantled the opposite ones. And maybe proposing your possible solutions to the problem. Or in any case of the initiatives we have as an objective to combat and dampen it.
If we are not dealing with an argumentative topic, little is missing.
Argumentative essay: traces to practice
What do you say? Did the outline and examples we suggested help you understand how to write an argumentative text?
Then you can try it too.
If you like, we suggest you train yourself by throwing down an argumentative text on bullying.
You could try to refute the clichés according to which it is only a matter of teenagers, little disagreements. Or that the victims must learn to get by on their own, because this serves them as a training ground for life or for learning to grow and defend themselves. All examples of argumentative subjects that have been much debated in recent years.
But if you are a student, you could also try to tell your ideal education model in a topic about high school or university. Supporting or refuting the current system, depending on whether you like it or not. Or have your say, about what is best among online degree courses or compulsory attendance.
Alternatively, you could try your hand at an argumentative text on drugs. A possible trace in this case could be: are you in favor or against the legalization of so–called “soft drugs“?
If, on the other hand, you want to start with lighter topics, you could also devote yourself to expressing your opinion on where you live better: in a small village community or in a big city? In an industrial area or in the countryside?
Rather than traces of argumentative essays on any other essay you are inspired and think it may be useful to you. Whether for your studies or for your profession.
Always explaining your thesis, arguments and data in your favor. Explaining and refuting the antithesis and drawing final conclusions.
Follow these bases we suggested and you will see that you will not go wrong.
How to write an argumentative text will no longer be a problem for you.