How to write an argumentative topic in the correct way: schedule, outline, tips, guide to use it for an exam or to do homework
The argumentative text is a type of text in which the author presents, in relation to a given problem, his own opinion or thesis, supporting it with appropriate evidence or arguments in order to convince, persuade the recipient of the validity of what he says , of what it supports.
To carry out a good argumentative topic proceed as follows:
- read the title carefully to understand exactly what problem is posed and identify the keywords;
- once identified the topic or problem to be dealt with, it brings to mind all your knowledge on the subject itself, namely data, facts, information, references to articles or personal readings …
- formulates the thesis, the opinion you intend to support in favor or against the problem posed;
- lay out the ladder, that is to say in particular lists the arguments in support of your thesis. This is a fundamental operation: in fact, the more the arguments in support of the thesis will be “strong”, convincing, objective, the more the thesis will appear acceptable, valid, acceptable. Remember that to persuade the reader of the validity of your thesis you must avail yourself of special techniques such as: statistical data, quotations, opinions of scholars or illustrious personages, examples, concrete proofs, experiments, descriptions of phenomena, explanations of concepts, comparisons …
- it also tries to predict the antithesis or antithesis, or the possible theses contrary to yours, and therefore prepare the arguments to refute them, to demonstrate their falsity or groundlessness.
Write then your argumentative essay:
- developing the points of the ladder in a coherent and consequential way;
- uses a language appropriate to the topic in question;
- how verbal time uses the present;
- frequently uses complex sentences with final, causal, consecutive, hypothetical sentences;
- make use of connectives, which have the function of linking together the various parts of the text and of articulating the different phases of the argument. They are mostly adverbs, conjunctions (or adverbial and conjunctive expressions) of type:
- adversary: but, however, instead, however …
- causal: since, since, since …
- temporal: besides, then, again, finally, firstly, secondly …
- reinforcement: it is an opinion that, everyone thinks that, it is certain that …
- demonstrative: therefore, therefore, then, then, in short, it follows that…
Conclude by confirming your thesis and eventually formulating proposals to solve the problem.
Don’t forget to review the text! In particular, it checks the consistency of the argument and its persuasive effectiveness, that is, if you have succeeded in supporting the validity of your thesis with “strong”, convincing, acceptable arguments.
In other words, you must absolutely avoid the following errors:
- not to take a position with respect to the problem posed: in fact you must always express a personal opinion motivating it;
- not to be contradictory, that is, not to first support a thesis and then another contrary to the first;
- do not use arguments, reasoning, considerations, examples, weak or even unsustainable, non-credible data.